One of the things I liked this year was that I got to read a lot of fun books like “Robinson Crusoe” and “Treasure Island”. Another thing I liked this year was I got to learn about vocabulary words like First, Second, and Third Person, Cast, Script, and a whole lot of others. I also liked learning about poetry because I didn’t understand poetry until I took this class.
This is an overview of what I learned this year in English Literature. There are three main types of literature, prose, poetry, and drama. Prose is writing that is not poetry. Poetry is the reading and writing of poems. Poems are “an arrangement of words, especially a rhythmical composition, sometimes rhymes, in a style more imaginative than ordinary speech or prose”, according to Webster’s Dictionary. Drama is “a composition in verse or prose intended to portray life or to tell a story usually involving conflict and emotions through action and dialogue and typically designed for theatrical performance”, also according to Webster’s Dictionary.
Some examples of Prose writing are Robinson Crusoe, books by G.A, Henty, Little Men,
Robin Hood, and A Christmas Carol. Examples of Poetry that I read are “Idylls of the King”, “The Odessey”, and “The Raven”. Examples of drama pieces I read are “The Taming of the Shrew” and
“Macbeth”. I enjoy watching movies and television shows that are dramas, but when I am reading, I prefer prose writing.
I learned about the elements of a good story. They are the characters, theme, and plot. One of my favorite books this year was A Knight of the White Cross, by G. A. Henty. The characters were brave, perseverent, and they were skillful in fighting. Some of the themes in A Knight of the White Cross are friendship, bravery, and adventure. A good plot makes a good story. A plot is the storyline of a book and is the most important part of a book. It introduces the character, themes, and other elements that make a good story. The plot of A Knight of the White Cross is that Gervaise leaves England to join the Knights of the White Cross and helps defend the Island of Rhodes from the invading Turks.
A good book has five parts to the plot. First, the exposition, which is the beginning of a story in which the characters and the setting are introduced. Then the rising action, which is where the conflict is introduced. For example, the rising action in a mystery story happens when the characters are discovering clues and getting closer to solving the mystery. The climax follows the rising action and is when the problem reaches a dramatic height. Again, for example, in a mystery story, the climax is when the characters solve the mystery by catching the bad guys or when they find the missing object. The falling action happens next and is when the story slows down and the problem or problems are resolved. Lastly comes the resolution which is the ending of a story.
Literature is often influenced by the author’s worldview and by his or her own writing style. The Oxford Dictionary defines the word worldview as “a particular philosophy of life or conception of the world”. Daniel Defoe was most likely a Christian because in his book Robinson Crusoe, Crusoe read his Bible and prayed every day while he was stranded on the island. Howard Pyle seemingly believed that all people should be free because in his book Robin Hood, he featured men and women who wanted to be free from taxation and oppressive government rule. Homer’s works were influenced by early Greek and Roman culture. This was probably what influenced the writing of “The Odessey”, a Greek mythological story. Greek mythology influenced many of Homer’s writings. We know this because in his writings he included several mythological creatures like the Cyclops, Siren, Scylla, and Charybdis.
Every author has a different writing style. G.A. Henty included numerous details in his books. He used historical facts and explained the elements of warfare to make his books informative, but also exciting! Mark Twain wrote his books in order to encourage young children to be brave and adventurous and to remind older people what is was like being a kid. William Shakespeare wrote plays, which are dramatic pieces performed on a stage. The Taming of the Shrew was a romantic comedy, but Macbeth was a tragedy. Poetry is another style of writing I read this year. Edgar Allen Poe put several dark elements into his poems, like “The Raven”. “The Raven” alludes to Heaven, Hell, and the Devil, even though it is only a four to five page poem. “Idylls of the King” is another example of poetry. It is written in the form of blank verse, which is “verse without rhyme, especially that which uses iambic pentameter”, according to Webster’s Dictionary.
Vocabulary words help analyze literature. To analyze something means to study it in greater detail. “Setting” is a vocabulary word that I learned. It tells me where the story is taking place. “Plot” is another vocabulary word I learned. This one is important because it is the “main event of a novel, play, movie, or similar work”. The vocabulary word “Metaphor” is “A figure of speech in which one thing is spoken of as if it were another”. Vocabulary words are extremely helpful if you are trying to find the meaning of the book you are reading.
I had the opportunity to read numerous famous works of literature. I had heard of some of these books, but I had never read them before. Two of my favorite books from this year are A Connecticut Yankee in King Arthur’s Court and The Adventures of Tom Sawyer. They were both written by Mark Twain. Other works of literature I liked were The Taming of the Shrew and Macbeth, both written by William Shakespeare, who was an extremely famous literary author. “The Odessey” is an exceptionally famous work of literary art. It was written by Homer in the 8th century B.C. “The Odessey” has been alive for thousands of years!
Another famous book I enjoyed reading was A Christmas Carol by Charles Dickens. This book is ready by thousands of people, every year at Christmas time. It is one of my favorite books. Even though it was written over 150 years ago, it is a timeless tale. It teaches men, women, and children alike that there is more to life than making money. It teaches us to be compassionate and generous to the poor and needy. This is why it is a timeless tale.
Journey to the Center of the Earth was a favorite of mine this year. It was written by Jules Verne. Jules Verne is sometimes called the “Father of science fiction”. He even made subterranean fiction popular with his book Journey to the Center of the Earth. This book inspired a number of people to
begin using science fiction in their books and movies like, The Hobbit, Lord of the Rings, Star Trek, and Star Wars and many others.
Another book I read that I enjoyed reading was Alice in Wonderland by Lewis Carrol. It is a children’s classic and it is also a timeless tale. Boys and girls, young and old, have enjoyed reading this story for dozens of years. This book has been made into several motion pictures. Its first publication was 155 years ago, but it is a book still loved and read today. I am glad I was able to read so many fantastic books this year, and learn about the authors, and expand my knowledge and understanding of literature.
There are three main types of literature: prose, poetry, and drama. Prose is “Writing that is not poetry.” Poetry is “the reading and writing of poems.” Poems are “an arrangement of words, esp a rhythmical composition, sometimes rhymed in a style more imaginative than ordinary speech or prose.” Drama is “a literary composition to be performed by actors, play, esp. one that is not a comedy.”
Dawn broke through the clouds in a pinkish color as the sun broke through the darkness to start a new day. I awoke from a deep sleep in my warm, comfy bed. I looked out my large window and it said good morning to the awakening farm. My dog whimpered against my leg, whimpering for food. It was 5:30 AM when I ran down the steps to do my early morning chores. First, I fed my dog, then I went to feed the chickens, horses, and cows. I milked all the cows, and when I was done, I got four filled buckets with milk! Then my dog and I headed the cows and horses out into the green field where they ate. I gathered the eggs and brought them inside for my mom to make breakfast. I found my mom making breakfast and gave her the egg to work with. When she was done, my dad, mom, older brother, and I ate a sweet, buttery, pancake breakfast.
My mom said, “Hurry, you don’t want to be late for school.” I got ready as quickly as I could. I put on school clothes, got my backpack, school books, and my pencil. When I got ready to leave, my dad reminded me that if I do good in school, we could go fishing. I headed out the door and walked to school.
When I got to school, I sat down in my chair and listened to my assignment. I was to write an essay on the seven continents. When I got home, I showed my parents my essay. I got an A+! “Well,” said my dad, “I guess we’re going fishing this afternoon.” I was so excited.
Half an hour later, we went to the big blue lake. I could see so many fish. There were bluegill, sardines, and so much more. We got the fishing rods and put the worms on the hooks. We cast out the fishing lines and caught seven big, fat fish. We brought them home and gave two of them to mom to make dinner. The rest, we saved for another time. Then we took nice, warm showers. When we were done, the hot tuna fish dinner was ready.
After dinner, we had evening devotions. That night, it was Proverbs 24. Then we got ready for bed. I brushed my teeth until they were clean. Then, I got my P.J.s on. Then I kissed and hugged my parents goodnight. I needed all the sleep I could get. Tomorrow is another big day.
It was rainy and wet
After the Trojan War, Odysseus wanted to return home immediately to get to his wife, Penelope, and his son, Telemachus. On his way home, he finds an island. He went to explore, taking a few of his men with him. He finds a cave and decides to meet whoever lives there. A little while later, a cyclops walks in. Cyclopses are one-eyed giants. The cyclops builds a fire and finds Odysseus and his men. The cyclops is surprised and demands to know who they are. Odysseus tells the cyclops they are Greeks returning home from war. When Odysseus mentioned Zeus, a Greek god, the cyclops became immediately angry because he hated the gods. He pounced on two of Odysseus’ men, killed them, and devoured them. Then he went to sleep. The next day, the cyclops woke up, ate two more men, then he went to tend his flock of sheep and goats. Odysseus found the cyclops’ walking stick. It was the size of a tree! He sharpened it and put it under the dirt to hide it. That afternoon, the cyclops returned, ate two more men, and drank some of Odysseus’ wine. Then he fell asleep. Odysseus and his men picked up the spear, put it into the fire till it glowed red, and thrust it into the cyclops’ eye. The cyclops screamed and called his fellow cyclops. They came and asked him what the matter was. While the cyclops were busy talking, Odysseus and his men got away.
They sailed onward towards home until they came to the island Aeolia. There lived the king of the winds, Aeolus and his family greeted Odysseus and his men extremely sweetly. Odysseus asked a favor of Aeolus. He asked Aeolus if he could make the west wind blow them home. Aeolus agrees and tells the North, South, and East winds to come to him and they did so. He also called the west wind to blow them back home. Aeolus gave the sack to Odysseus and they continued their journey home. When they were a little way off from Odysseus’ home island, Ithaca. One night, the crew through there was gold in the sack, so they opened it, and the north, south, and east winds rushed out and blew them back to Aeolia. Aeolus was outraged and demanded that they leave his island, so Odysseus and his crew left for home.
Later, they came to another island, so Odysseus sent three men to investigate. The three men found a girl fetching water. She said to the three men to go to the king and they will be greeted sweetly. They went and eventually found out that the king and his people were cannibals! The king jumped on the men and began to eat one, alive! The other two ran back to warn Odysseus. The cannibals started throwing boulders at the ships. The ships were crushed except the one Odysseus commanded.
The last ship then came to the island of Aedea. Odysseus sent 23 men to investigate. They came to a castle and a woman named Circe came out and offered them some food. The men ate like hogs, so Circe, an enchantress, turned them into hogs. Only one man got away and told Odysseus. Odysseus went to Circe’s castle, but on the way, he met a god. The god gave him a herb to eat, so he ate the herb. When he got to the castle, Circe tried to turn him into a pig, but the herb protected him. He didn’t turn into a pit. Odysseus forced Circe to free his men, and she did. Meanwhile, Penelope and Telemachus did not forget Odysseus. Many people were trying to force Penelope to marry them, but she would not. She waited for Odysseus to return home.
Circe gave Odysseus advice on how to reach home. They must go to a river and make a blood sacrifice. Then a ghost will tell him how to reach home. Odysseus did so and a ghost gave him warnings and directions. Then Odysseus left. Then they cam close to the island of the Sirens (half women, half-bird). Those who are drawn to their beautiful singing, die, so the crew put beeswax earplugs in their ears, sailed past the island, and survived.
Then they sailed past a giant cave and out came a six=headed sea monster. It ate six men, but the rest escaped. when they came to the sun god’s island, the crew, but no Odysseus, ate two of the sun god’s cattle. This made Zeus throw a lightning bolt at the ship, and smashed it to pieces. Only Odysseus escaped. He landed on an island, built a raft, and set out for home. There was a storm, so he crash-landed on another island. Some people lived there and they gave him a ship and a crew to go home.
When he got to his home island, he disguised himself as a beggar and went to his home. When he got home, he started a battle with the suitors, killing every last one. When the battle was done, Odysseus revealed himself to his family and they were as happy as an be.
David was the youngest of them all
His brothers fought in battles. He took care of sheep.
A lion and bear he fought with a sling.
By Samuel, he was anointed as king.
A battle, his brothers traveled to one day.
Goliath was a giant and a Philistine.
He cursed God and King Saul’s army when he came.
David brought his brothers’ food one day.
He heard Goliath and decided to fight him.
He picked up five smooth stones from a stream.
He went to face Goliath on the battlefield.
Into his weapon, a sling, a sone he put.
David swung his sling with all his might.
The stone hit Goliath in the forehead.
He fell and David cut Goliath’s head off.
David was victorious and rewarded.
He got to marry King Saul’s daughter.
Saul was jealous of David, God’s chosen one.
God’s spirit left Saul because of his sin.
Saul tried to kill David numerous times.
A fugitive, David now must be.
In mountain caves, he was forced to hide.
Saul’s son, Johnathan, was David’s best friend.
He trusted God’s plan for David to be king.
Even though he was the oldest and next in line.
Johnathon gave David his sword and bow.
David was on the run for several years.
Again, Saul was fighting the Philistines.
This battle, Saul and his men were losing.
Saul asked his armor-bearer, “Please kill me.
Do not let the uncircumcised kill me.”
But his man would not kill God’s anointed.
So instead, Saul fell upon his own sword.
Johnathan and his brothers died as well.
David mourned, wept, and fasted for the death of his king and friend
David was anointed king of Israel.
The people of the land rejoiced for their new king.
Terror arose when the dragon came into the village just outside the castle and burnt it. The dragon took all the livestock it could carry and flew back to its cave in the mountains. King Aurthur held a meeting at the round table just as the dragon left. “No good can come of this,” he said. “Someone must go vanquish that creature.”
“Yes, someone with enough courage and bravery to destroy that beast, once and for all,” said a knight.
“Yes, but who will go?” said another.
Soon all the knights started arguing about who should go. It seemed like forever when finally Lancelot shot up out of his chair and declared that he would go defeat the dragon. When he said that, all thee knights stopped arguing and listened to Lancelot. After Lancelot finished, all the knights were extremely happy and helped him get ready.
When Lancelot was ready, the next day, he set out for the mountains to slay the dragon. It was a dark, cold night in the mountains when Lancelot got to the dragon’s cave. He decided to camp out just a few feet from the mouth of the cave. In the morning, Lancelot stepped inside the cave and found the dragon sleeping near a big pile of bones. Lancelot crept over to the dragon and was about to slay it until he accidentally stepped on a bone and broke it which awoke the dragon. It roared at Lancelot and swung its tail at him. It hit Lancelot and knocked him to the ground. As the dragon chomped at Lancelot, he chopped off the dragon’s head.
He returned to the village, victorious with the dragon’s head. Everyone was extremely happy to see him with the dragon’s head. They were so happy, in fact, that they held a feast in his honor. The village and the kingdom were forever peaceful.
Macbeth is a play written by William Shakespeare. The play begins when Macbeth is returning home from a battle in which he defeated an army of Norwegians, plus some Scottish rebels. Three witches want to greet Macbeth on his way home from war. Macbeth was traveling home with a general named Banquo when they were greeted by the three witches. They told Macbeth a prophecy that says he will become king. When Macbeth returns home, two men, Ross and Angus, were waiting for him, and soon enough, Ross and Angus named Macbeth with “the title of Candor,” which extremely excited Macbeth.
In his impatience and envy, Macbeth planned a plot to kill Duncan, the current king. His wife, Lady Macbeth, helped him plan the plot. Under some circumstances, Macbeth wants to change his mind; however, Lady Macbeth encourages him to carry out the plot. They eventually murder Duncan and make it seem like the servants did it. Well, soon after that, a quiet man named Macduff arrives at the castle. He finds Ross and both find out that Macbeth has become king after the king’s sons, Malcolm and Donallain, flee because many people thought they killed their father.
Macbeth is worried about his fate when he sees Banquo’s ghost, so he decides to go see the three witches about it. They tell Macbeth that “he should fear Macduff and Macbeth will not be vanquished until Birnam Wood comes to Dunsinane.”
When Macbeth finds out Macduff fled to England, he prepares a plot to kill Macduff’s family. Meanwhile, Macduff arranges a meeting with Malcolm about a battle and combining their forces plus some English aid. While they are planning for the battle, Ross arrives and tells Macduff about the death of his family. In Scotland, Lady Macbeth is murdered in her sleep because a doctor found out she and Macbeth murdered Duncan.
Disguised as Birnam Wood, Malcolm’s men attack the castle. When Macbeth figures out Lady Macbeth has died, he continues to fight the attacking army. Macbeth kills Young Seyward, the son of an English general. After this, Macbeth remembers Macduff being born of Caesarians. Macduff kills Macbeth, giving Malcolm the throne. The play, Macbeth, is a tragedy type of story and has a very sad ending. Shakespeare wrote this play specifically for the king during his time.
“The Taming of the Shrew” is a play written by William Shakespeare. It is about a father who has two daughters, the older sister was Katherina, the shrew, and the younger sister was Bianca, a beautiful, young lady. The play is set in Italy. It starts when Baptista Minola, the sisters’ father, says that no one shall marry Bianca until he finds a husband for Katherina, the shrew. Three suitors are fighting over who should marry the kind and beautiful Bianca. One f the men, Lucentio, swaps clothes with his servant, Tranio, so he could court Bianca in disguise. A little while later, a rich man named Petruchio came to Baptista’s house and told Baptista he wanted to marry Katherina, and Baptista gladly accepts his offer.
Even though Kathrinia was mean, lost her temper often, and was ugly, Petruchio still tried many times to convince Katrina to marry him. The three suitors were still competing to get Bionca to marry them. Bionca was impressed by Tranio’s creativeness. Not only was Kathrina mean to men, but she was also mean to her sister, Bionca.
The day of the wedding arrived. Everyone was ready, except for Petruchio who was late. When he did arrive, he was dressed in extremely sloppy clothing. Petruchio rushed the wedding because Kate’s dad changed his mind about Petruio marrying Kate, because Petruio tricked the people into thinking he was rich, but he was actually poor.
When they get home, a servant of Petrutio named Grumio explains to the other servants how they shall act when Kathrina shows up. When Kathrina and Petrutio do arrive, Kathrina goes to bed while Petrutio reveals his idea for taming her. After Bionca’s agreement to marry a suitor, Lucentio, another suitor, Hortensio, promises to marry an extremely rich widow. Petruchio and Grumiotry to tame Kathrina until she obeys whatever Petruchio says. A merchant outlines Lucentio’s and Bionca’s wedding while Lucentio made the plans to get married in secret. After the wedding, Petruchio decides to take his new bride, Kathrina, to his home town of Padua. On the way, they meet Lucentio’s father, Vincentio.
Vincentio, Kathrina, and Petruchio all return to Petrucio’s home city, Padua. Meanwhile, like they planned, Bionca and Lucentio get married in secret. Hortensio and the widow also get married. The married couples of Petruchio and Kathrina, Lucentio and Bionca, and Hortensio and the widow all have a conversation after their dinner. In the conversation, the husbands bet on their wives to see whose can be the most obedient, which tames Kathrina, the shrew. Kathrina was no longer a shrew, but a kind, loving wife.