The five points of plot are exposition, rising action, climax, falling action, and resolution. I read “The Hardy Boys”, book number 2 over the summer. It was written by Franklin W. Dixson. I am going to explain the points of plot in that book.
The exposition is normally at the beginning of the book and introduces the main character or main characters. In the book, the main characters are the Hardy brothers, Frank and Joe, their friend, Chet, and someone named Spencer Given who hired them to go on his ship with him on a trip to make sure it will not be sabotaged.
The rising action leads to the climax while building tension in the story. At the beginning of the book, they were warned not to go on the ship and to turn down the deal Spencer had given them. Another time when they were on the ship, someone pushed Frank over the side of the boat toward the turning propeller, but he was saved. Another time when they were in a cabin on some cots, a bulldozer crashed through, but the boys dodged it just in time. They meet a lot of other dangers along the way.
The climax is the highest point of action in a book. The climax in “The Hardy Boys” is when the three boys get captured, but Chet escapes and calls the police.
The falling action solves the tension that was built up earlier in the book. That is when the police find and rescue the boys and arrest the bad guys.
The resolution is the end of a story. In the book, the resolution is when the boys find all the clues to what the bad guys were doing.