According to Wikipedia, “The Second Industrial Revolution, also known as the Technological Revolution, was a phase of rapid scientific discovery, standardization, mass production and industrialization from the late 19th century into the early 20th century.” One of the major innovations of the Second Industrial Revolution, is that of the Bessemer process. The Bessemer process was named after the British inventor Sir Henry Bessemer, who found a new way to create steel. According to ThoughtCo, “The Bessemer Steel Process was a method of producing high-quality steel by shooting air into molten steel to burn off carbon and other impurities.” Another major innovation of the Second Industrial Revolution was the Transcontinental Railroad, which was built to stretch across America from the Missouri river to the Pacific Ocean. Other major innovations included the telegraph, the telephone, the modern lightbulb, the assembly line, the automobile, and the aircraft.

According to, “The four major reasons behind the unification of Germany are the role of Bismark, the strength of the Prussian economy, the decline of Austria, and the military power of Prussia. The economic strength of Prussia was one of the most important reasons behind the unification of Germany.” These are the key steps in the German Unification: according to Commack School District, “Step 1- War with Denmark. Step 2- Austrian-Prussian War. 7 Weeks War- 1866. Step 3 – Creation of the Northern German Confederation – 1867. Step 4 – Franco-Prussian War. (1870- 1871) By September of 1870, the Prussian army surrounded the main French force and captured approximately 83,000 prisoners (including Napoleon III)”